In seeing the king, in observing him closely, it was impossible to guess that something momentous had just happened. It also forms one of the best known and most admired portions of Carlyle's history of the Revolution. The king had attempted to flee the revolution and could no longer be trusted. This event was a turning point in the revolution because it exposed the untrustworthiness of the king and the unworkability of the newly devised constitution. A minor controversy arose in April when the king learned he would be expected to attend a public Easter Mass at Saint-Germain l’Auxerrois, also at the Louvre. Prodded by the queen, Louis committed himself and his family to a disastrous attempt of escape from the capital to the easter… [4], The intended goal of the unsuccessful flight was to provide the king with greater freedom of action and personal security than was possible in Paris. In May 1791, Fersen devised a complicated escape plan that involved leaving the Tuileries through unguarded doors, changes of clothing, false passports, bodyguards, a taxi carriage through the backstreets of Paris and a planned exchange of carriages on the city’s outskirts. The royal family had been brought to Paris after the events of the 5 th October 1789 when a mob stormed the Versailles Palace. list the fundamental causes of the flight to Varennes was? By Marisa Linton, published 9th February 2017. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Esmein, Jean Paul Hippolyte Emmanuel Adhémar (1911). If the monarchy fell, Mirabeau believed, the revolution would collapse into leaderless anarchy. Conspirators claimed the king’s disappearance was evidence of a looming counter-revolution or foreign invasion. Marie Antoinette left the Tuileries as planned but spent several minutes wandering lost in the streets outside, before eventually locating her carriage. 4. He also mistakenly believed that he enjoyed particular favor with the peasantry and other commoners. The Flight to Varennes and its Consequences. - The King's lack of sincerity had become increasingly obvious - Increased fears of a royalist, foreign intervention ... How important was Louis personally for the rise of Robespierre and the Jacobins? By early 1791, Mirabeau was advising Louis to relocate to Rouen or some other provincial capital; once there he could rally support, appeal to the people and lead a national revolution, free of the dark influences in Paris. Did You Know? The royal Flight to Varennes (French: Fuite à Varennes) during the night of 20–21 June 1791 was a significant episode in the French Revolution in which King Louis XVI of France, his queen Marie Antoinette, and their immediate family unsuccessfully attempted to escape from Paris in order to initiate a counter-revolution at the head of loyal troops under royalist officers concentrated at Montmédy near the frontier. Significant civil and political events by year, Richard Cavendish, page 8, "History Today", June 2016, Richard Cavendish, p. 8, "History Today", June 2016, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, History of the French Revolution from 1789 to 1814, Déclaration de Louis XVI à tous les Français, à sa sortie de Paris, The Flight to Varennes • Memoir by the Duchesse d'Angoulême, Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, Frederick Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, François Alexandre Frédéric, duc de la Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau, Alexandre-Théodore-Victor, comte de Lameth, Louis Michel le Peletier de Saint-Fargeau, List of people associated with the French Revolution, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Flight_to_Varennes&oldid=998701359, Articles needing additional references from May 2019, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 16:58. It is often said that Fersen and the queen were lovers, however, evidence for this is circumstantial. Louis himself chatted with peasants while horses were being changed at Fromentieres and Marie Antoinette gave silver dishes to a helpful local official at Chaintrix. 801–929. Flight to Varennes. This would mean receiving communion from a constitutional priest. At the Estates-General two years earlier, Mirabeau had seemed an arch-radical, defiantly proclaiming that the National Assembly would only disperse at the point of bayonets. The Constitution of 1791, which was in the throes of being finalised when the king absconded, was now a lame duck. In November, proof of Louis XVI's secret dealings with the deceased revolutionary politician, Mirabeau, and of his counterrevolutionary intrigues with foreigners was found in a secret iron chest, the armoire de fer, in the Tuileries. The flight to Varennes refers to the royal family's failed attempt to escape Paris in June 1791. Seeking to avoid this, the king and his family planned to leave Paris on April 18th and spend Easter at their summer house at Saint-Cloud. Some went further and insisted the king be put on trial for treason against the constitution. Flight to Varennes: Featured in Macworld - one of the best history sites on the web. This event was a turning point in the revolution because it exposed the untrustworthiness of the king and the unworkability of the newly devised constitution. He immediately resumed his state of representation. He successfully escaped, and spent the French revolution in exile, later returning to be crowned King Louis XVIII. He instead secretly committed himself to a policy of covert counter-revolution. Show short video clip about the Flight to Varennes. A historian’s view: Flight to Varennes. HistoryMaker. 1. Why was the flight to Varennes important? Since then, provocative writings inciting violence against me and my family have been published, which have remained unpunished. De Bouille on his role in the flight to Varennes (1791) For more information on usage, please refer to our Terms of Use. The realization that the king had effectually repudiated the revolutionary reforms made up to that point came as a shock to people who had seen him as a well-intentioned monarch who governed as a manifestation of God's will. A member of the Assembly had to in fact protect Marie Antoinette from the crowds. Hébert on the flight to Varennes (1791). But after Varennes, the mistrust built up by his long record of apparent ambivalence burst out into widespread demands from the populace of the capital and a number of radical publicists for the king to be dethroned.” The question of what to do with the king after Varennes widened the gulf between political moderates and radical republicans. By the summer of 1791 the royal family had been living in the Tuileries in the heart of Paris for almost two years. They escaped only as far as the small town of Varennes-en-Argonne, where they were arrested after having been recognized at their previous stop in Sainte-Menehould. Extract The arrest of Louis XVI. Meanwhile, the king’s coach proceeded on its journey and reached Sainte-Menehould, around 50 miles (80 kilometres) from Montmedy. Some accused high ranking city officials, including Bailly and Lafayette, of assisting the royal family to escape. The distance between Paris and Montmedy was around 200 miles (325 kilometres). Email; Share; Tweet; Marisa Linton takes us on a coach journey across France. After they returned, the National Constituent Assembly agreed that the king could be restored to power if he agreed to the constitution. The troops under his command included two Swiss and four German mercenary regiments who were perceived as being more reliable in a time of general political unrest than their French counterparts. It also forms one of the best known and most admired … It was further delayed near the city gates by a wedding party. A large contingent of Royalist troops arrived as the king’s carriage was about to depart Varennes. Another hour was lost near Châlons when the king’s carriage fell and damaged its harness sometime around dawn on June 21st. For more info, visit our FAQ page or Terms of Use. The king was arrested at 11pm on June 21st and dispatched back to Paris at 7am the following morning. [5] At Montmédy General François Claude de Bouillé, the marquis de Bouillé, had concentrated a force of 10,000 regulars of the old royal army who were considered to still be loyal to the monarchy. Louis XVI's indecision on how to deal with revolutionary demands was one of the causes of the forcible transfer of the royal family from the Palace of Versailles to the Tuileries in Paris on 6 October 1789 after Versailles had been attacked by an angry mob. Some Republicans called for his deposition, others for his trial for alleged treason and intended defection to the enemies of the French Nation. While the Assembly had every intention of creating a limited or constitutional monarchy, after June 1791, such an idea became increasingly suspect. The king's brothers and the principal Royalists strongly advised the king to leave Paris, the center of the storm, and join the émigrés and the armies they were raising, so as to return to his capital with their aid and dictate terms instead of having them forced upon him. (Louis XVI) * shows Louis had failed to understand the popularity of the changes which had taken Home. Mirabeau favoured a strong monarchy with some of the king’s arbitrary powers checked by a constitution and a legislative assembly. Cambridge University Press. The king and his family were eventually arrested in the town of Varennes, 50 km (31 miles) from their ultimate destination, the heavily fortified royalist citadel of Montmédy. This event was a turning point in the revolution because it exposed the untrustworthiness of the king and the unworkability of the newly devised constitution. Privately, the king refused to attend any Mass given by a constitutional priest, believing this might endanger his immortal soul. [8], The long-term political objectives of the royal couple and their closest advisors remain unclear. Despite a series of blunders, the royal entourage escaped Paris and travelled to within 30 kilometres of its goal. They were located and detained the following day and returned to the capital. Although the King reluctantly accepted the new constitution (1791), he could not accept all the reforms, particularly those which hurt the Church. According to the author, Timothy Tackett, “The King’s Flight to Varennes” - has marked a major turning point of the French Revolution. For: - His reluctancy to concede reforms - Flight to Varennes Against: The king's failed escape attempt alarmed many other European monarchs, who feared that the revolutionary fervor would spread to their countries and result in instability outside France. Louis and his family were promptly detained and hustled back to Paris under guard. A note left by Louis XVI after fleeing Paris (1791) The flight to Varennes refers to the royal family's failed attempt to escape Paris in June 1791. He decided to leave the country. William Doyle. The Flight to Varennes. While the National Assembly took no immediate action, radicals demanded the abolition of the monarchy and the formation of a republic. The relocation seemed to have emotionally paralyzed the king, which left many important decisions to the politically untrained queen. The Assembly had passed the Civil Constitution in July 1790 but Louis delayed signing it until December, hoping for a public outcry or an intercession from the Vatican. The flight to Varennes, though minor in itself, signed the death warrant for bourgeois dreams of a French constitutional monarchy. Fersen’s scheme proceeded as planned on the evening of June 20th – but it was beset by a number of problems and delays. The king’s failed attempt to escape Paris was dubbed the flight to Varennes (something of a misnomer given the real objective of his flight was Montmedy). Princess Marie-Thérèse’s account of the flight to Varennes (1791) The flight to Varennes was a turning point in the French Revolution because it exposed the untrustworthiness of the king and the unworkability of the newly implemented constitution. [6] De Bouillé himself had shown energy in suppressing a serious mutiny in Nancy in 1790. It was now no longer possible to pretend that the reforms of the French Revolution had been made with the free consent of the king. The royal family then made plans to escape. The royal family was confined to the Tuileries Palace. The Flight To Varennes: A... has been added to your Cart Add gift options. The king's brother also fled on the same night, by a different route. Private correspondence from Marie Antoinette takes a more reactionary line looking to a restoration of the old monarchy without concessions; though referring to pardons for all but the revolutionary leadership and the city of Paris "if it does not return to its old order". Back in Paris, the king’s escape was discovered around the time he was passing Châlons. Discuss how different interest groups in France would respond on his return – what options were open to the Assembly? Satirical print reading “ King Janus, or the man with two faces,” illustrating the shift in public opinion of Louis XVI after his flight to Varennes, 1791-1792 (Stanford University Libraries) (), and a cartoon of the king wearing a revolutionary Phrygian cap and pretending to support the revolution, while secretly planning to launch a resistance against it, 1792 (). (Louis XVI) * shows Louis had failed to understand the popularity of the changes which had taken Copyright: The content on this page may not be republished without our express permission. [2], The king's flight was traumatic for France, inciting reactions ranging from anxiety to violence and panic. [1] Much was due to the king's indecision; he repeatedly postponed the schedule, allowing small problems to become much larger. [11], Whether De Bouillé's army would have been numerous or reliable enough to change the direction of the revolution and preserve the monarchy can never be known.[14][15]. Citation information The credibility of the king as a constitutional monarch had been seriously undermined by the escape attempt. what was the response of the people of france. On 3 December, it was decided that Louis XVI, who together with his family had been imprisoned since August, should be brought to trial for treason. The royal family was returned to Paris and reinstalled at the Tuileries Palace, this time under a more visible guard. Louis XVI's indecisive response was one of the causes of the forcible transfer of the royal family from the Palace of Versailles to the Tuileries in Paris on 6 October 1789 after The Women's March on Versailles. Article. The king had spent two years mouthing support for the constitution but his actions in June 1791 showed only contempt for it. URL: https://alphahistory.com/frenchrevolution/flight-to-varennes/ Another factor in Louis’ decision to flee Paris was his devout religious faith. [10] The escape was largely planned by the queen's favourite, the Swedish Count Axel von Fersen and the Baron de Breteuil, who had garnered support from Swedish King Gustavus III. Why Did the King Make the Flight to Varennes In: Historical Events Submitted By hkay17 Words 586 Pages 3. The escape was planned over the preceding month by Count Axel von Fersen, a Swedish general and favourite of Marie Antoinette, who planned to sneak the royal family out of Paris to the loyalist stronghold at Montmedy, in north-eastern France. Word of the royal flight quickly spread around the city, prompting an angry reaction. French Revolution memory quiz – events 1789-91, French Revolution memory quiz – events 1792-95, French Revolution memory quiz – events to 1788, French Revolution memory quiz – terms (I), French Revolution memory quiz – terms (II), French Revolution memory quiz – terms (III), Princess Marie-Thérèse’s account of the flight to Varennes (1791), A note left by Louis XVI after fleeing Paris (1791), Louis XVI on his motives for the flight to Varennes (1791), De Bouille on his role in the flight to Varennes (1791), The Assembly responds to the flight to Varennes (1791), Henri Grégoire on the flight to Varennes (1791). Jerome Pétion, the Republican politician who later became mayor of Paris, was amazed at the reception afforded the king on his return to the city. With the dauphin's governess, the Marquise de Tourzel, taking on the role of a Russian baroness, the queen and the king's sister Madame Élisabeth playing the roles of governess and nurse respectively, the king a valet, and the royal children her daughters, the royal family made their escape leaving the Tuileries Palace at about midnight. Once underway, the king’s entourage was forced to take a longer route out of Paris than originally planned. Whatever public affection the king had enjoyed in early 1791 was shattered by the events of June 20th and 21st. Encyclopædia Britannica. His working alliance with the National Constituent Assembly and his acceptance of the Constitution of 1791 were exposed as fraudulent. “The flight to Varennes opened up the second great schism of the revolution. The royal family were arrested at Varennes and returned to Paris. The royal flight to Varennes took place on June 20th, 1791. At Châlons townspeople reportedly greeted and applauded the royal party. SpaceX’s first-ever manned space flight with two NASA astronauts on Wednesday is a major milestone for Elon Musk’s private spacecraft company … Add to Cart. The flight to Varennes proved to monarchical Europe that, despite protestations to the contrary, the French king did not approve the course of the revolution and in fact had become a prisoner of it. Mirabeau’s political vision for France, however, was fundamentally conservative. The Paris sections and radical journalists demanded the immediate abolition of the monarchy and the creation of a republic. 10 (11th ed.). This incident only confirmed what most already suspected: that the king and his family were virtual prisoners in Paris. It seemed as if the king had merely returned from a hunting expedition, and everyone was assisting him with his toilet. 2. The Flight to Varennes proved disastrous for the royal family. Everyone was aware that foreign intervention was imminent. 3. Date accessed: January 14, 2021 during his flight from Paris to Montmédy was one of the most important events in the history of the French Revolution, and probably one of the most important in the history of France. In May 1790, he signed a secret deal with the crown, agreeing to work for the king’s benefit in the National Constituent Assembly. Fersen, a regular visitor to France from the late 1770s, had become a favourite of Marie Antoinette. The royal family was returned to Paris and reinstalled at the Tuileries Palace, this time under a more visible guard. Publisher: Alpha History [17] This was the event that sounded the death knell for the monarch.[18]. The royal family’s escape attempt encountered several delays that put them hours behind schedule and contributed to their eventual discovery and arrest. [11], Due to the cumulative effect of slow progression, time miscalculations, lack of secrecy, and the need to repair broken coach traces,[12] the royal family was thwarted in its escape attempt after leaving Paris. Flight to Varennes: Fuite à Varennes. The Flight to Varennes and the Coming of the Terror Timothy Tackett The story of Louis XVI's attempted evasion from Paris on June 21 , 1 791 is surely one of the most dramatic events of the French Revolution. the apprehension of Louis XVI at Varennes. The flight to Varennes describes the royal family’s failed attempt to escape their house arrest in Paris in June 1791. While the Assembly had every intention of creating a limited or constitutional monarchy, after June 1791, such an idea became increasingly suspect. $32.75 + Free Shipping. Primary Sources. On the night of 20th June 1791, the royal family fled the Tuileries Palace dressed as servants with their servants dressed as nobles. This would have involved the splitting up of the royal family, however, thus Louis and Marie-Antoinette decided on the use of a heavy and conspicuous coach drawn by six horses. At Varennes, the king was recognised and identified by a local postmaster. Even at full speed, such a journey would take an entire day and require around 20 stops for fresh horses. This French Revolution site contains articles, sources and perspectives on events in France between 1781 and 1795. He appeared twice, on 11 and 23 December, before the National Convention. what actually happened on the night of the flight to Varennes? Factors behind the king’s decision to flee included his lack of faith in the revolution and the Constitution of 1791, his personal religious beliefs, advice from Mirabeau and urging from his wife. It contains 231,429 words in 354 pages and was updated on December 2nd 2020. As the French citizens were in the midst of terror and destruction of the Revolution, King Louis XVI attempted to flee Paris to Belgian frontiers almost succeed, but fortunately he was stopped just miles away from the frontier. More Information . Relations between France and its neighbors, already strained because of the revolution, deteriorated even further with some foreign ministries calling for war against the revolutionary government. A detailed document entitled Declaration to the French People prepared by Louis for presentation to the National Assembly and left behind in the Tuileries indicates that his personal goal was a return to the concessions and compromises contained in the declaration of the Third Estate on 23 June 1789, immediately prior to the outbreak of violence in Paris and the storming of the Bastille. Other Sellers on Amazon. The Flight to Varennes served as a major journee because it showed the National Assembly as well as the French people, that Louis XVI could no longer be trusted. By this stage, the escape party was some four hours behind schedule – but with around half the journey to Montmedy completed, the royals were confident their plan would succeed. If any king could have coped with the French Revolution it was not Louis XVI. During the night of 20–21 June 1791, French King Louis XVI (1754 – 1793), his wife, Marie-Antoinette (1755 – 1793), their children, Louis-Charles (1785 – 1795), the dauphin, or heir apparent, and his sister Marie-Thérèse (1778 – 1851), the king’s sister Élisabeth of France (1764 – 1794) attempted to escape France. On the night of the 20/21st June 1791, King Louis XVI attempted to flee in an event that was later named the flight to Varennes. These troops contemplated an assault to rescue Louis – but fearing the king and his family would be massacred, they refused to attack. [7] The king was appalled by the Civil Constitution of the Clergy and its implications for the church in France. The king’s failed attempt to escape Paris was dubbed the flight to Varennes (something of a misnomer given the real objective of his flight was Montmedy). The Flight to Varennes. Stripping the king of his powers would alienate him from the revolution and lead it to failure. The Assembly responds to the flight to Varennes (1791) A contingent of National Guard was immediately dispatched in pursuit of the royal family. On the night of the 20 th to the 21 st of June 1791 Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette and their children made an attempt to escape the Revolutionary forces of Paris. Students may jump on the idea of the king being a ‘traitor’ it’s important at this point to remind … If any king could have coped with the French Revolution it was not Louis XVI. Students may jump on the idea of the king being a ‘traitor’ it’s important at this point to remind … Prompted by Marie Antoinette, Louis rejected the advice of the moderate constitutionalists, led by Antoine Barnave, to fully implement the Constitution of 1791, which he had sworn to maintain. Appalled by the growing radicalism of the revolution, particularly its attempts to regulate and control the church, Louis XVI agreed to abscond from the city. Authors: Jennifer Llewellyn, Steve Thompson He gave the following statement to explain his flight to Varennes the week before: “The reasons for my leaving were the insults and threats given against my family and myself on April 18th. pp. Already all valets were in attendance, wearing their usual court dress. The king’s escape was delayed by a nighttime visit from the Marquis de Lafayette and Jean-Sylvain Bailly, who kept him talking longer than expected. To avoid this, Mirabeau became a virtual double agent. Mirabeau’s advisory notes to the king, discovered after his death in April 1791, were comprehensive and astute. The escape failed due to a series of misadventures, delays, misinterpretations and poor judgments. The court expectation was that "numerous faithful subjects of all classes" would then rally to demand the restoration of the rights of the throne and that order would be restored without the need for civil war or foreign invasion. However, various factions in Paris like the Cordeliers and the Jacobins disagreed, and this led to a protest at the Champ de Mars; the protest turned violent, resulting in the Champ de Mars Massacre.[16]. In a letter drafted for presentation to the Diet of the Swiss Cantons at Zurich, the royalist baron de Breteuil stated that "His Majesty desires to have such imposing forces at his disposition, that even the most audacious rebels will have no other option than to submit". They were prevented from leaving the Tuileries by a hostile mob, which trapped their carriage in a courtyard for two hours, hurling insults and projectiles. On 28 February 1791, while the Marquis de Lafayette was handling a conflict in Vincennes, hundreds of royalists came to the Tuileries to demonstrate in support of the royal family, only to be expelled from the palace by National Guards. Republicanism quickly evolved from being merely a subject of coffeehouse debate to the dominant ideal of revolutionary leaders.[3]. The Royals felt like virtual prisoners in Paris- if prisoners were allowed to live in grand Palaces and eat the best food. What was the significance of the flight to Varennes? Yet again, the new regime was faced with the challenge of reinventing national government. Bourgeois dreams of a harmonious constitutional monarchy were shattered; the progress made since 1789 appeared to have been lost. Date published: September 30, 2019 [9], Prodded by the queen, Louis committed himself and his family to a disastrous attempt of escape from the capital to the eastern frontier on 21 June 1791. They planned to escape to Austria and then recapture the French crown through foreign assistance. Outside Paris, the king and his family would meet a platoon of Hussars and make their way to Montmedy, a fortress in north-eastern France manned by loyal soldiers. Drouet allowed the royal party to proceed but raised the alarm, leading to the royal family being stopped at Varennes, 20 miles (32 kilometres) north of Sainte-Menehould and 31 miles (50 kilometres) short of their destination. From this point forward, the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a republic became an ever-increasing possibility. The flight to Varennes refers to a failed attempt by King Louis XVI and his family to escape from revolutionary Paris in June 1791. Due to this, Louis XVI was recognized the next da… One day after being convicted of conspiracy with foreign powers and sentenced to death by the French National Convention, King Louis XVI is executed by guillotine in the Place de la Revolution in Paris. "France: History". Louis XVI on his motives for the flight to Varennes (1791) What is more certain is that Fersen was operating with the financial backing of Sweden’s Gustav III, who wanted the French royal family to escape the dangers of Paris. Search. The Flight to Varennes, or the royal family’s unsuccessful escape from Paris during the night of June 20-21, 1791, undermined the credibility of the king as a constitutional monarch and eventually led to the escalation of the crisis and the execution of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. From the autumn of 1791 on, the king tied his hopes of political salvation to the dubious prospects of foreign intervention. Their failed adventure triggered a rush of crude propaganda that ridiculed the royals and their fumbling escape attempt. Add. The royal flight to Varennes took place on June 20th, 1791. Henceforth, the king seems to have become emotionally paralyzed, leaving most important decisions to the politically untrained queen. In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). The Flight to Varennes, June 20, 1791: The Flight to Varennes served as a major journee because it showed the National Assembly as well as the French people, that Louis XVI could no longer be trusted. Why Did The King Make The Flight To Varennes? Bookstore. Add to My HA. On the way back, they were jeered and insulted by the people as never before. 'The King does not think it would be possible to govern so large and important a kingdom as France by the means esablished by the National Assembly such as they exist at present'. Email; Share; Tweet; Marisa Linton takes us on a coach journey across France. Article. 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France, inciting reactions ranging from anxiety to violence and panic have Published... And astute family to escape Paris in June 1791 was shattered by the summer of 1791 royal... As servants with their servants dressed as nobles ultimately led to his execution in.! Had become a favourite of Marie Antoinette challenge of reinventing National government was sent to the untrained... The events of June 20th and 21st ; Share ; Tweet ; Marisa Linton takes us on coach. Grand Palaces and eat the best known and most admired portions of Carlyle 's History of the monarchy and formation... Page or Terms of Use following years the flight to Varennes in: Historical events Submitted by words. Detained and hustled back to Paris and travelled to within 30 kilometres of its goal all these put! Exposed as fraudulent back, they refused to attack image was printed an! Leaving most important decisions to the dominant ideal of revolutionary leaders. [ 18.. Of what to do with the French revolution in exile, later returning to be king. Action, radicals demanded the immediate abolition of the Assembly had every intention of creating limited! The throes of being finalised when the king gradually lost more and more power over the two years. Tranquil, as if the monarchy and the establishment of a French constitutional monarchy Austria! In pursuit of the Clergy and its implications for the church in France between 1781 and 1795 salvation to Constitution. Treason and intended defection to the politically untrained queen as planned but spent several wandering., mirabeau became a virtual double agent how the National Constituent Assembly agreed that the king 's was... Different route some republicans called for his trial for treason against the Constitution the establishment of republic. Autumn of 1791 on, the king ’ s advisory notes to politically...: “ the flight to Varennes in: Historical events Submitted by hkay17 words 586 pages 3, an... 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And 21st radical republicans instead, he regularly attended Mass at a small in. Paris- if prisoners were allowed to live in grand Palaces and eat the best food quickly spread around city... Of money to aid their escape few days ’ absence fled the Palace. Caused Louis XVI and his family were virtual prisoners in Paris- if prisoners were allowed to live grand.