[15, 25, 40] Inputs are represented by the different sources of the waste (e.g., households, commercial activities, or industries). These results must be strengthened, refined, and integrated, yet they already uncover the major nodes of connection and highlight the major point of interventions. Inadequate handling of generated solid waste causes serious hazards to environment as well as living beings. Systems thinking is a holistic analysis approach aimed at describing and understanding the intricate network of relations between a components and their patterns of behavior. Every city is influenced by the higher‐level context in which it is embedded, such as national regulations, international laws, and agreements. Incineration: By observing the MFA, it is clear that most of the organic waste produced in the city is incinerated. The sample is considered representative of the whole city. Now, by placing in relation the components of one system to the domain of the other system we can extract the components of the intersection “Urban Waste Management System.” These are best fitting practices (best waste management practices fitting in the urban environment), relative governance (governance processes relative to waste management), specific territory (urban territorial characteristics relevant to the waste system), and community response (urban community perception of the waste management system). Waste management is the collection, transport, processing, recycling or disposal, and monitoring of waste materials. The research is focused on processes, and offers tools such as guidelines, frameworks, and recommendations rather than instructions. It also identifies potential losses and inefficiencies in the system. in the late 20th century, rising prosperity led to a greater production and consumption of goods and a consequent increase in waste generation 2 We promoted the questionnaire digitally through a dedicated website, a Facebook page and by sharing it in several digital platforms. Such business models, being the outcome of the integration and interconnection between the mapping pillars, are especially designed to incorporate circular activities and a network of multiple actors involved in waste management. Street markets, because of their high concentration in the city and their production of a large quantity of organic waste daily on one site. [58] However, the introduction of another separately managed waste stream raises various issues and calls for a significant change in the current waste management system. Currently, the city’s waste streams are simply too linear: both regular and organic waste are being largely collected – and burnt – together. With this information, it is possible to couple each mesoenvironment to a specific waste management approach. The linear economy . The main limitations connected to this area are an underdeveloped road network; potential resistance of farmers in using organic waste recycling products, lack of waste collection infrastructure, a large quantity of manure to be managed, and dispersion of the sources of waste throughout the area. [13] The urban waste sector requires systemic changes, which in turn need a conceptual approach that spans multiple perspectives and disciplines. This is done in three steps: circular business model design, evaluation, and integration. “They saw that an interdisciplinary approach makes it really possible to inspire change and realise a waste-free society,” according to Dr Slootweg. Our methodology draws upon system thinking, systemic design, and holistic diagnosis approaches, integrating the principles of the circular economy and sustainable waste management. However, a full implementation requires the cooperation of all stakeholders involved in the processes and the contribution of different disciplines and fields of expertise.